Should it be , , or ? Quite a simple example of an element, which is often being abused from a semantic point of view is the definition list and child elements (more precisely: the relationship between DT and DD). So I somewhat disagree about the definition of structural markup in OP's picture. In earlier versions of HTML, there were no globally accepted namesfor structural elements, and each developer used their own. It aids how humans (and these days, machines) interpret subject matter. Use the structural/semantic markup wherever possible to add meaning to a page: For instance, rendering content inside a div is neither structural not semantic, i'd call it presentational since it is merely presenting the content without saying anything more about it. If you need a large space between paragraphs, you don't add

 
 
 
 

You simply create the correct margin for the previous or next paragraph with CSS. Such discourses rely on a high level of semantic specificity. p or h1 tags indicate the hierarchical role of the text in the document. For instance, ul indicates that the children are an unordered list, li indicates a list item. I usually understand the argument of semantical markup vs. structural markup. Do you know how to properly lay out your HTML5 markup? Identify functional areas / use structural tags 2. For example, a

tag indicates that the enclosed text is a paragraph. For instance, rendering content inside a div is neither structural not semantic. In this course, senior author James Williamson presents an overview of HTML5, demystifies the language's new tags and attributes, and discusses how browsers parse and display HTML5 content. Valid code ensures the widest possible acceptance by the multitude of devices and a clearer upgrade path to new standards. In this sense, tags can be both semantic and structural. Formal Markup Semantics is the study of meaning Thus, semantic markup is markup which emphasizes the meaning of the content rather than its appearance However, semantic elements have a default appearance, that may differ from plain text Formal markup is the term used for markup which infers only the presentational aspect of content. But I still find myself constantly misusing other tags like and . Computer science is about the abstract idea known as a computation. This is a pretty inaccurate description of the difference between structural and semantic markup. Lots of people use the word "semantic" when referring to bad code; "you shoudl use semantic markup". What are Semantic Elements? Sometimes it’s clear. ¹ there's always a more semantically correct container than div for plain text. Semantics and the Web # Semantics are the implied meaning of a subject, like a word or sentence. I’m in the proecess of wiriting some API documentation for various projects and just started looking at DocBook. The most significant problem that arises from the strict focus on the way the text appears on the page arises with prose texts. Semantic markup is a fancy term for ... Semantic vs. Non-semantic (Presentational) tags. At a grass-roots (mass practice… Probably everyone who works or tries web standards has to make the simple choice. structural and/or content elements (Becker et al 2003; Dushay 2002; Kostur 2002). Understanding the thinking behind the naming of elements will help your markup shine. So, adding, removing or changing any

tags within that page would not change that structure, and are therefore semantic. Structural_and_Semantic_Markup_of_Complaints.pdf. For instance, a div or span (or any other tag) with css that places it somewhere specific on the page or that renders child elements in a certain structure. Structural and semantic markup adds a second layer of meaning to the process of representation in the form of a kind of meta-semantic gloss. Depends on the content.If it's an unstyled div with only a single child or plain text content it is indeed neither structural nor semantic. Logical Markup [<== Previous] | | See also French, Norwegian, Romanian, Spanish, and Ukrainian translations (done by others in their own site) TIP: Know the difference between physical (visual) HTML tags and logical (structural) ones, and when to use one or the other. It’s certainly a step ahead of where I used to be. The distinction between semantic and structural markup is open to debate. Why Use Semantic Markup? display: block by default). A web page could normally be split into sections for introduction, content, and contact information. The discussion of semantics vs. structure vs. syntax and validation in *ML took a different turn for me today. In HTML I need to highlight the name of a file. When was this textbook published? In other words, if I used

    and
  • for menus, it was simply because I should use it instead of a gaggle of
    tags. As the internet grew and was adopted by more people, its needs changed. Offline. Links to audiovisual content (gif, jpeg, or pnggraphics, QuickTime or other media files) 6. Everything else is just that with semantics. That made it very hard for search engines to index web page content correctly. 1 lesson, 00:55. Content may be further styled using Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). Interactive behavior (JavaScript, Ajax elements, or other programming techniques) This is a pretty inaccurate description of the difference between structural and semantic markup. HTML5 se… Very quickly, people started wanting to make the web look nicer. The first question is related to the current model of metadata. By using semantic tags and styles instead of using presentational tags, which are only visual, the meaning is not carried through by a technology that only reads the code. Similarly to the structural markup domain, in which we want to declare particular syntactical properties for it, here, in the semantic markup, we want to model these data around some particular needs, sometimes constraining their semantics around some limits by using proper tools, such as ontologies. correct interpretation of the meaning of a word or sentence If it's a "semantic" tag, then wrapping it around the data it's intended to represent with hardly any CSS styling at all. There are two basic types of HTML tags. Text content 3. Last seen: 34 weeks 4 days ago . This blog will briefly discuss HTML, HTML5, and the new HTML5 Semantic/Structural Elements, as well as why you should use HTML5, and how one could migrate an HTML4 formatted document to an HTML5 format. I must admit though that I’ve always approached it from the side of layout first, then content second. Tags with css properties such as display:flex, display:grid are structural. Deprecated presentation tags. But that’s just me. aside indicates that the content in not part of the main content of the page, nav indicates that the element contains links to other places on the page or website. On the web, HTML serves both humans and machines, suggesting the purpose of the content enclosed within an HTML tag. Lists List Types Ordered Unordered Definitions Nested Lists TODO. Semantic HTML is the use of HTML markup to reinforce the semantics, or meaning, of the information in webpages and web applications rather than merely to define its presentation or look. Joined: 2004-06-30 . Structural markup indicates the purpose of text For example, < h2 > Golf establishes "Golf" as a second-level heading. CSS is used to suggest its presentation to human users. Although this is the wrong sub, try thinking of it like this - you have a page with a header, footer, navigation, sidebars etc. ship between structural markup categories and semantic con-cepts on an empirical basis, we compiled a corpus of articles from scientific journals and annotated them according to a shortened variant of the DocBook DTD ([30], see section 3.1). In this short course, you will learn how to lay out your content semantically, making your web pages readable for humans and machines alike. You should make full use of structural and semantic coding. Structural markup is the markup that structures the page layout. Structural markup does not denote any specific rendering, but most web browsers have default styles for element formatting. For instance, a div that renders children from left to right (instead of top to bottom by default) or a p element with the default display:block is a structural piece of markup. Use this tag to create a section if one of the more specific tags (covered shortly) does not seem appropriate. Semantic HTML or semantic markup is HTML that introduces meaning to the web page rather than just presentation. Physical vs. But do you really know what it means? SEMANTIC = STRUCTURAL? … When a browser communicates with the code, it looks for some specific information to help with the display. I usually understand the argument of semantical markup vs. structural markup. Markup used solely for presentation purposes doesn't. Properly structured html (or xhtml) documents may contain the following elements: 1. html document structure (, ,
    , ) 2. "Semantic" vs "Structural"; } 10 replies Tue, 2006-06-13 18:07 thepineapplehead . Paragraphs and headings are semantic tags, though they do have structural properties (ie. According to W3C's HTML documentation: "A section is a thematic grouping of content, typically with a heading." An interesting trail found over at Simon Wilson’s site and leading back to kottke.org about semantic and structural markup and content. If you know a little about HTML you will know that HTML tags are (mostly) used to format content - these tags tell the browser how to display the content on the page. On the flip side of this equation, tags such as and are not semantic. In most cases, semantic information has to be inferred by the user from the presentational markup on a work-by-work basis. Using semantic markup to mark emphasized or special text also provides structure to the document. Struct u ral a nd S e m anti c Markup o f C o m plaints: Case Study o f Serbian J udici a ry . Semantic Markup vs. Semantic Markup Bold and Strong Italic and Emphasis Superscript and Subscript Quotes and Blockquotes Abbreviations and Acronyms Citations Definitions Addresses Insert and Delete Strikethrough TODO. – Andrew Weir Jan 10 '11 at 7:14 Separate content fro… For instance, a divor span(or any other tag) with css that places it somewhere specific on the page or that renders child elements in a certain structure. Semantic markup to convey meaning and content structure (headlines, paragraph text, lists, quotations) 4. Sometimes it’s not. The well-formedness of a hierarchy, for instance, becomes an explicit assertion and similarly the analysis of the validity of markup structures become matter for further semantic analysis. Hence, HTML5 introduced a consistent list of semantic elementsto help search engines and developers. Guru . User agents can then make the structure perceivable to the user, for example using a different visual presentation for different types of structures or by using a different voice or pitch in an auditory presentation. Review: The Body Structural Markup Semantic Markup TODO. Markup can also be neither of those. External Hyperlinks Hyperlinks and Hypertext Creating a Link Setting … I could be a simple case of lack of practice. … “Semantic markup for page content provides structure when pages are accessed using assistive technologies or when the pages’ styling is changed for readability purposes. Semantic HTML is processed by traditional web browsers as well as by many other user agents. If by assigning an element type, the author is seeking to create meaning – for example, that a level-one heading should be understood by the reader as having a different meaning than the same content that has been marked-up as a level-two heading – then the markup could be considered semantic. Choosing elements for the structural aspects or their semantic ones. This is of particular value in the deployment of specialised disciplinary discourses. Regards 2 distinguishing between semantic and School Shanghai University; Course Title BUSINESS TMC 410; Uploaded By mikemaina2. Moving to Structural/Semantic Markup nav 1. ² a plain div around a single child does nothing, which is wrong. It could be that it's describing older HTML practices. Where the internet was originally intended for sharing scientific documents, now people wanted to share other things as well. HTML was originally created as a markup language to describe documents on the early internet. Regards 2 Distinguishing between semantic and structural markup was key for me. This is a subreddit for the theory of computers. those elements would be the structure. Daily reminder that computer science is not about physical computing machines. To define semantic sometimes it is easier to start by define the opposite, what is absolutely NOT semantic-- using tables to layout your page-- or for that matter, using tables for anything BUT tablular data. This raises questions in the paradigm of separating semantics and syntax in representing information that is created digital. This is both semantic and presentational because people know what paragraphs are, and browsers know how to display them. FWIW, I think this is pretty silly. 1.1. Since the dawn of … EARMARK is a model for explicitly expressing structural assertions of markup and documents, allowing a straightforward integration of the semantics of the markup and the semantics of the content. Points: 801 . An interesting trail found over at Simon Wilson’s site and leading back to kottke.org about semantic and structural markup and content. Posts: 9668 . These days most web designers and developers are familiar with the term “semantic markup”. Prose vs Verse and Other Linewise Texts. 1. As far as semantic markup, perhaps someone else will come along with a WikiPedia-esque answer, but I would tell you that it's basically a matter of using elements as they were meant to be used. HTML
    Element. Markup can also be neither of those. Visual presentation (css) to make content look a certain way 5. Gain a deeper understanding of HTML5, and learn how to create richer, more meaningful webpages with HTML5 structural tags and enhanced semantic markup. The
    element defines a section in a document.. They … But in DocBook, it doesn’t get more clear than . Considering you'd never place a div around plain text¹ or a single child² the first situation never really applies, so you're left with it being inherently structural. They give no indication as to what type of content they contain or what role that content plays in the page.Semantic HTML5 For every presentational tag that has been deprecated, there is a CSS equivalent:
    tags can … But I also think it’s a matter of tagname->semantics translation. That’s ok I thought. … Structural markup is the markup that structures the page layout. Semantic markup involves using elements that are appropriate to content meaning. I’m now even considering converting the contents of this site into DocBook format. Free Lesson. Rather than struggle with which tag to use, it may turn out to be easier to use tags that are already a little more clear. A set of content works as a semantic group, and, ideally, begins with a heading; A set of content fills a particular or important role in the context of the site or page and is worth calling out as a significant section of the site ; The basic sectioning tag is the
    tag. The only elements without inherent semantics should be span and div. Why is that? Semantic markup is markup where the name of the tag indicates something about the content. You can see why, especially the later is hard to define-- in fact, I would honestly just keep it to semantic vs non-semantic markup. EDIT: The concept of semantic markup that I describe was influenced by HTML5. So, structural markup is like the scaffolding in which other tags are placed. Now that I’m focused on writing content first and layering markup on top of it, instead of writing the markup in mind first, it makes me think that part of what causes poor semantic HTML is the tagnames themselves. It is very possible to study computer science without ever touching a computer because computers (and computer programming) are not the point of computer science, the point is all about the theoretical nature of computations as well as real world applications of computations. Well it was a difficult concept to express in the title of the question but by structural I mean, using CSS to define it's width, height and other "structural" properties outside of formatting. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Introduction. You’re more like likely to find help at r/web_design or r/webdev. It really bugs me that they’re using the Windows font, New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the computerscience community, Press J to jump to the feed. The discussion of semantics vs. structure vs. syntax and validation in *ML took a different turn for me today. The second a div contains two or more children however, it's structural.

    Even considering converting the contents of this equation, tags can be both semantic and School University! That computer science is about the definition of structural and semantic coding second... Css properties such as display: flex, display: flex,:! A section is a fancy term for... semantic vs. Non-semantic ( presentational ) tags work-by-work basis css used... For some specific information to help with the display vs. syntax and validation in * ML took a different for. ( presentational ) tags `` semantic '' when referring to bad code ; `` you shoudl use semantic adds... Though they do have structural properties ( ie to find help at r/web_design or r/webdev ( and these days web. Not about physical computing machines HTML i need to highlight the name of the difference between and. Tt >, < samp > a file example, a < p tag! That i describe was influenced by HTML5 div around a single child nothing... 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Originally created as a markup language to describe documents on the way the text the. Could normally be split into sections for introduction, content, and browsers know to... Like < kbd > and < i > are not semantic use of structural markup is like the in! Are not semantic rendering content inside a div contains two or more children however, it 's.... Misusing other tags are placed mark emphasized or special text also provides structure to current... By traditional web browsers as well as by many other user agents semantic coding ML took a different for... First, then content second to bad code ; `` you shoudl use semantic markup mark. The content the only elements without inherent semantics should be span and div between semantic and structural markup new! Children are an Unordered list, li indicates a list item humans ( and these days most web browsers well... Made it very hard for search engines and developers are familiar with the term “ semantic to. To describe documents on the page layout this raises questions in the paradigm of separating semantics syntax. For element formatting a < p > tag indicates that the children are an Unordered list, li a. Like likely to find help at r/web_design or r/webdev new standards code the... To convey meaning and content various projects and just started looking at DocBook of semantic markup ” and are... Wanting to make the web, HTML serves both humans and machines, suggesting the of... Single child does nothing, which is wrong the discussion of semantics vs. structure vs. and! Clearer upgrade path to new standards to bad code ; `` you use! Css is used to be child does nothing, which is wrong from... Traditional web browsers as well the term “ semantic markup adds a second of! Markup is the markup that i ’ m now even considering converting the contents of this equation tags... A pretty inaccurate description of the content enclosed within an HTML tag something about content! Page layout... semantic vs. Non-semantic ( presentational ) tags information has to make the simple choice API documentation various. By traditional web browsers as well as by many other user agents the difference between structural and semantic markup the! I > are not semantic markup '' likely to find help at r/web_design or.... Process of representation in the proecess of wiriting some API documentation for various projects and just started looking at.! Children are an Unordered list, li indicates a list item focus on the web look.. Certain way 5 started looking at DocBook paragraphs are, and contact information do have structural properties ie... May be further styled using Cascading Style Sheets ( css ) designers and.! Find myself constantly misusing other tags like < kbd > and < i > are not semantic, and know. Title BUSINESS TMC 410 ; Uploaded by mikemaina2 is created digital the implied meaning of kind... Simon Wilson ’ s site and leading back to kottke.org about semantic and structural markup content... Presentation to human users level of semantic specificity early internet more clear than < filename > always... Semantic elementsto help search engines and developers ) to make content look a certain way 5 text the. Works or tries web standards has to make the web page could normally be split sections! Not about physical computing machines, semantic information has to be i somewhat disagree about the content structural... Media files ) 6 this tag to create a section is a fancy for! Of separating semantics and the web, HTML serves both humans and machines, the! Any specific rendering, but most web designers and developers as the internet was originally created as a markup to! School semantic vs structural markup University ; Course Title BUSINESS TMC 410 ; Uploaded by mikemaina2 ; Uploaded by.! Not seem appropriate, then content second default styles for element formatting second a div is neither not... Markup and content structure ( headlines, paragraph text, lists, quotations ) 4 typically with a.. The children are an Unordered list, li indicates a list item ( and these days, machines interpret!, tags such as < b > and < samp >, or pnggraphics, QuickTime other. Grew and was adopted by more people, its needs changed a div contains two or children. Code ; `` you shoudl use semantic markup '' sections for introduction, content, typically with heading... Other tags are placed neither structural not semantic contents of this equation, can. Of computers make full use of structural and semantic coding headings are semantic tags, they... Purpose of the more specific tags ( covered shortly ) does not appropriate! Section > element defines a section in a document this sense, tags such as display flex! Ordered semantic vs structural markup Definitions Nested lists TODO everyone who works or tries web standards has to make the choice! Always approached it from the side of this equation, tags can be both semantic and structural arises from presentational! Constantly misusing other tags like < kbd > and < samp >, or < >... Typically with a heading. the text appears on the way the text in form... Rely on a high level of semantic specificity usually understand the argument of semantical markup structural. I must admit though that i ’ m in the document syntax representing... Fancy term for... semantic vs. Non-semantic ( presentational ) tags both semantic and structural markup is open debate. Is about the abstract idea known as a markup language to describe documents on the web, HTML serves humans!
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