However, it could explain why people thought this temple was dedicated to Theseus. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, The Role of Supervisors in Preventing Sexual Harassment, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Supervisors, The Effects of Sexual Harassment on Employees, Key Issues of Sexual Harassment for Employees, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. The agora of Athens is the ancient gathering/market place of the Athenians.© Guillaume PiolleBuilt because Athens was the up and coming city of the ancient… The name Theseion or Temple of Theseus was attributed to the monument under the assumption it housed the remains of the … It was also the Athens of a man named Iktinos (sometimes spelled Ictinus). Christian Colleges with Architecture Majors, Bachelor of Architecture Vs. BS in Architecture: How to Choose, Architecture Internships: A Guide for Students. The temple is primarily a façade, an eye-catcher in the landscape. What Can You Do With a Masters in History? Temple of Greek God Hephaestus. The huge marble roof took several years to construct between 421- 415 BC and afterward, the building was lavishly decorated with statues and was officially inaugurated in 415 BC. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | The final divine liturgy took place in the temple on12 February 1833. The designer of the Temple of Hephaestus is unknown. There were numerous potters' workshops and metal-working shops in the vicinity of the temple, as befits the temple's honoree. In this lesson, we'll explore the history and design of this structure and see why it stands out amongst Greece's temples today. It was built between 460 and 420 BC and later turned into a Christian church. We've also got some ruins that we can explore, but these aren't always in the best of condition. Located near the Agora in Athens, this ancient struct… Above the columns is a thick, horizontal element called the frieze. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "aae83f545a9cfd9b93dccea98f83d6ba" );document.getElementById("b0fae76cea").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Hephaestus can be described as one of the less graceful gods in the Ancient Greek dodekatheon, the pantheon of the twelve major gods. Stay updated on emerging destinations, and travel trends in Athens & Beyond. Unlike other temples that fell into disrepair, this one was maintained and cleaned for centuries. The temple measures 31.78 meters from east to west and 13.71 meters from north to south. Construction: 449-416 BCE. The temple of Hephaestus in the Agora was meant to embody the richest evidence of Athenian tradition, conservatively in the Doric order and the full complement of carved metopes that had long been Athens’ pride on its conspicuous Treasury at Delphi. It's hard to find really good examples of Greek temples built in the Doric order, so when we find one it's really exciting. Also called the Theseion or the Hephaesteion, the temple remains … Anyone can earn at the western edge of the city, on top of Agoreos Koronos hill, and it is a classical example … The temple also consists of a pronaos (frontward temple), opisthonaos (rear temple), and a cella (inner shrine). Log in here for access. Select a subject to preview related courses: This was the Athens of Sophocles, Euripides, Herodotus, Hippocrates, and Socrates. The architectural sculpture is in both Pentelic and Parian marble. It is particularly special to visit the temple first thing in the morning as it looks particularly beautiful and stands as a testament to the sophisticated world of the Ancient Greeks. Visitors to the Temple of Hephaestus are recommended to wear flat, comfortable shoes as there are steps to climb. The temple was designed by the architect, Iktinus, but was not completed for 30 years, as both Iktinus and the funding were temporarily diverted to the construction of the Parthenon. Hephaestus was the patron god of metal working, craftsmanship, and fire. Inside the cella, bronze statues of Athena and Hephaestus were built in 415 B.C. The reason for this is in the life of the temple after the Classical era of Greece. Geographically, it was located on the western edge of the city of Athens, in an area where there were a lot of foundries and metalworker’s shops. The temple was built in the Doric peripteral style using marble quarried from nearby Mount Penteli. He was also the blacksmith of the gods, which was a pretty big job. Theseum, temple in Athens dedicated to Hephaestus and Athena as patrons of the arts and crafts. According to the archeologists, the temple was built … The temple was dedicated to Hephaestus, god of fire and metallurgy, and it was surrounded by foundries and smith shops. Temple of Hephaestus Hephaestus was one of the 12 Olympian Gods, the youngest one, son of Zeus, father of all Create your account, Already registered? How to Spend Your Honeymoon in Athens by a Local. The temple was dedicated to Hephaestus, the god of fire and metalwork (who made the legendary shield of Achilles) and to Athena, the goddess of pottery and crafts. We know a lot about the first formal order of traditional Greek architecture because the Romans wrote about it. The pronaos (front vestibule) and the opisthodomos (rear porch) were decorated with magnificently sculptured friezes by the sculptor Alkemenis. 1. For one, the columns are fluted, or grooved. Built during Athens’ Golden Age in 450 BC, it is believed to … In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was either the son of Zeus and Hera or he was Hera's parthenogenous child. 's' : ''}}. No surprises there. Although, built in 449 BC, it is almost fully intact even today. Category There are six columns at each of the shorter ends of the temple (north and south) and 13 columns along each of the longer sides (east and west). The nearest Metro stations are Thissio (Line 1) and Monastiraki (Line 1 & 3). Interestingly, a number of well-known buildings in the USA, UK, Sweden, and Malta have since been modeled on- or inspired by- the Temple of Hephaestus. This meant that the interior was completely redecorated to remove any pagan iconography, but also that the building stayed in use. That's fitting since the temple was likely constructed in an Athenian golden age, when artisans would have been in high demand. The temple was designed by the architect, Iktinus, but was not completed for 30 years, as both Iktinus and the funding were temporarily diverted to the construction of the Parthenon. The Temple of Hephaestus housed workshops of potters, metalworking, and blacksmithing as an honor to the god. Because Stuart’s Hephaisteion drawings were not published until 1795, seven years after his death in 1788, only two versions of this ancient temple, both by Stuart, were built in Britain prior to publication. But who was Hephaestus? That was why it was dedicated to the god of smiths and metallurgy, Hephaestus. It's hard to find really good examples of Greek temples built in the Doric order, so when we find one it's really exciting. The architect who built it was also the architect of The Parthenon. 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