https: --- Nitmur in vetitum --- which is the offspring of a disorderly love of liberty and independence. Chapter 14. He knows that, as soon as his eyes were opened to discover the spirituality of the law, he discerned in himself the fearful working of that corruption in his heart, which, not being perceived before, had given him no uneasiness. Grace in the soul is its new nature; the soul is alive to God, and has begun its holy happiness which shall endure for ever. λαμβάνειν is never construed with διὰ (frequently with ἐκ, as in Polyb. 3,) “The human race, bold to endure all things, rushes through forbidden crime.” Thus, Ovid (Amor. Romans 5:12-21. ), under the general covenant of grace, given first to Adam, and afterwards to Noah. (Rückert, Winzer, Benecke, de Wette, Fritzsche, Tholuck, Umbreit, van Hengel, and Hofmann), not with ἀφορμ. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". "Commentary on Romans 7:8". "Then sin, taking occasion, wrought in me by the commandment all manner of concupiscence; for without the law sin is dead.". Sin was dead; was in a slumbering state, not active and strong. BibliographyGodbey, William. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. Sin is not imputed when there is no law. THE LETTER TO THE ROMANS. the corruption of our nature, the depraved bent and bias of the soul, called before lust. Sin, or concupiscence, which is called sin, because it is from sin, and leads to sin, which was asleep before, was awakened by the prohibition; the law not being the cause thereof, nor properly giving occasion to it: but occasion being taken by our corrupt nature to resist the commandment laid upon us. Learn hence, That such is the depravity and perverseness of our present natures, that there is found within us a propensity and inclination to all sin; and although the law of God doth not give the least countenance to sin, yet sin takes occasion, from the restraints of the law, to grow more impetuous, and is the more irritated by being prohibited; and consequently it is not from ourselves, but from God's restraining grace, that those evil inclinations which are in our hearts do not break forth in our lives. But it is more natural to make this clause depend on the principal verb wrought. Hardcover. It is more safe that a bad man should not be accused, than that he should be absolved; and luxury not excited would be more tolerable than it will be now by the very chains irritated and excited as a wild beast.” Thus, Seneca says (de Clementia, i. John Wesley's Commentary on Romans 7 (click here for a full commentary) 'This is a kind of a digression, to the beginning of the next chapter, wherein the apostle, in order to show in the most lively manner the weakness and inefficacy of the law, changes the person and speaks as of himself, concerning the misery of one under the law. He was not serving the law of sin with his mind. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.BibliographyBarnes, Albert. Here the law is represented as furnishing sin with the material or ground of assault, “the fulcrum for the energy of the evil principle.” Sin took the law as a base of operations. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Romans 7:8: Romans 10:1-3 Romans 7:7 : Romans 7:9 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. iii. In Romans 7, Paul describes the relationship between Christians and law of Moses and between the law and human sinfulness. aphormēnproperly denotes any material, or preparation for accomplishing anything; then any opportunity, occasion, etc. The absence of the verb before "dead" in the Greek text indicates that what Paul was saying was a generalization rather than a specific historical allusion. ἐν ἐμοὶ. It was dead, says Paul. The connection requires us to under stand it only so far as it was excited by the Law. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". But sin taking occasion, wrought in me by this commandment all manner of concupiscence. This is the construction which is adopted by our translators, and by many commentators. For, in the other sense, there would have been no reason for inserting the subject between this clause and the participle which depended on it. And in what state, then, was sin before the law had thus made it abound in all manner of particular lusts? Renewal 1960. Commentary on Romans by John Calvin, 1509-1564. Or, the command of God to Pharaoh to let Israel go, only made Pharaoh more stubborn to resist. Romans 7:8. διὰ τῆς ἐντολῆς, by the commandment) The construction is with the following verb [ κατειργάσατο, wrought concupiscence by the commandment. It is more difficult to realise that our thoughts can be *sinful. For what the law could not do - The Law of God, the moral law. Just so drinking men use the prohibition laws as “occasions” for violating them. . "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". If you tell a small child, "Suppose a man determined to drive his automobile to the very limit of its speed. In revivals of religion it often happens that people evince violence, and rage, and cursing, which they do not in a state of spiritual death in the church; and it is often a very certain indication that a man is under conviction for sin when he becomes particularly violent, and abusive, and outrageous in his opposition to God. Dr. Taylor contends that all commentators have mistaken the meaning of it, and that it should be rendered having received Force. Translator's Preface. It becomes a struggle for victory; in the controversy with God he re solves not to be overcome. See 2 Corinthians 5:12; Galatians 5:13; 1 Timothy 5:14. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". Proverbs 9:17. χωρὶς γὰρ νόμου ἁμαρτία νεκρά] sc. It is the longest and most systematic unfolding of the apostle’s thought, expounding the gospel of God’s righteousness that saves all who believe (Rom 1:16–17); it reflects a universal outlook, with special implications for Israel’s relation to the church (Rom 9–11). 1917. This verse is not logically connected with the preceding. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. To the same effect, Olshausen: "Aus der allgemeinen sündhaften natur des Menschen geht die ἐπιθυμία prava concupiscentia, als erste Äusserung hervor und dann folgt erst die That." The word used here means often to operate in a powerful and efficacious manner. (1) It crosses the path of the sinner, and opposes his intention, and the current of his feelings and his life. Commenting on this passage, R.L. "Everybody sins daily." BibliographyTrapp, John. (2) the Law acts the part of a detector, and lays open to view that which was in the bosom, but was concealed. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. By "sin" is meant, not the devil, as some of the ancients thought; but the vitiosity and corruption of nature, indwelling sin, the law in the members that took "occasion" by the law of God; so that the law at most could only be an occasion, not the cause of sin, and besides, this was an occasion not given by the law, but taken by sin; so that it was sin, and not the law, which. In this ἀφορμήν placed first emphatically, not in ἡ ἁμαρτία (Th. 1840-57. But sin. Reappearing Church: The Hope for Renewal in the Rise of Our Post-Christian Culture Mark Sayers. Observe, that in this and the three following verses, the Apostle comments upon, or at least explains those words, 1 Corinthians 15:56. https: But their corruption lies, as it were, dead in them, and they in that without touching the conscience, or laying the soul under sensible apprehensions of its sin and danger: Without the law sin is dead. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, But sin taking occasion by the commandment, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Wrought in me all manner of concupiscence, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, sin takes occasion by the commandment to work all manner of concupiscence in us, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, all (manner) of coveting; for without the law sin is, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Dominion: The Making of the Western Mind Tom Holland. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. E. There have been four major theories about how to interpret chapter 7. Inclination for unlawful enjoyments. (5) the effect here noticed by the apostle is one that has been observed at all times, and by all classes of writers. 4,) “Do not think, Romans, that it will be hereafter as it was before the Law was enacted. But for this, the effect here described would not have existed. "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". He dwells in the heart by faith. διὰ τῆς ἐντολῆς] through the command, namely, the οὐκ ἐπιθυμ. Chapter 16. George E. (Jed) Smock . The heart is as it were fascinated by it, and the latent desire changes into intense aspiration. Every Christian knows by experience the truth of all the Apostle declares in this verse. It could not free from sin and condemnation. Commentary on Romans 12:1-8. (Romans 7:22.) iii. The compound verb with κατά downthrough always signifies the bringing to pass or accomplishment. ἡ ἁμαρτία is sin as a power dwelling in man, of the presence of which he is as yet unaware. This the apostle had fully shown in Romans 7:12, but it was owing to the strength of the natural passions and the sinfulness of the unrenewed heart; see Romans 7:7-11, where this influence is fully explained. This it does, because, ), ‘Parricidæ cum lege cœperunt, et illis facinus pœna monstravit:’ and a remarkable passage from Cato’s speech in Livy xxxiv. 8. Therefore, brethren, we are debtors—not to the flesh, to live according to … Human nature being what it is, the very existence of law, given a rebellious heart in people, becomes the occasion of sin "abounding.". Only men seeking first the Kingdom of God and His goodness will be interested in these writings. Greek. 23,) “Parricides began with the law.” Thus, Horace (Odes, i. With Adams transgression, all authority that had been given to him by God was transferred over to Satan legally. https: ‘Dead’ is here used in a relative, not an absolute, sense. with κατειργ. Here the law is represented as furnishing sin with the material or ground of assault, "the fulcrum for the energy of the evil principle." 2 Thus a married woman is bound by law to her living husband; but if her husband dies, she is released from the law in respect to her husband. Besides, the phrase ἀφορμὴν λαμβάνειν ἐκ, or παρά, or ἀπό, is common, but with διά it never occurs: διά is not the appropriate preposition; whereas κατεργάζεσθαι διά is perfectly appropriate. https: "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". Such is plainly the meaning of the apostle. 2013. "E.W. See also Proverbs 9:17, “Stolen waters are sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant.” If such be the effect of the Law, then the inference of the apostle is unavoidable, that it is not adapted to save and sanctify man. For apart from the law sin was dead.. 8 But sin, “Sin” here is indwelling sin, the sin capacity or power to sin. The point in question here is the well-known experience already remarked by the ancients, that man always inclines to forbidden fruit. Erasmus (Thol.) Wrought in me all manner of concupiscence; Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans. Taking occasion by the commandment - Forbidding, but not subduing it, was only fretted, and wrought in me so much the more all manner of evil desire. But now suddenly he encounters a road with frequent signs limiting speed to thirty miles an hour. Watchman Nee | The Normal Christian Life. 1700-1703. This is evidently in a comparative sense. This idea of progress is indicated by the δέ, now, then, which makes the fact described in Romans 7:8 a sequel to that of which we are reminded in Romans 7:7. And hence he adds, It is not evil in itself, although incidentally the cause of sin in us. But the notices brought the man into conscious conflict with authority. https: The Apostle Paul uses the comparison of being married until death parts them and they are legally free to remarry to that of being freed from the law and the penalty of it because “the law is binding on a person only as long as he lives” (Rom 7:1b).
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